Bronchitis – Acute and Chronic – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi, the airways that branch from the trachea into the lungs. Bronchitis may be viral, bacterial, or the result of irritation such as cigarette smoking or exposure to environmental pollutants. It may also occur as an acute condition that comes on suddenly, runs its course, and heals without lasting […]

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Pleurisy – definition, causes, symptoms and treatment

Definition of Pleurisy and Causes Pleurisy is inflammation of the pleura, also called pleuritis – can develop as a consequence of direct irritation or infection in the pleural space, or as a consequence of infection or inflammation involving the lungs such as tuberculosis or pneumonia. Autoimmune disorders can cause inflammation, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (sle) and sarcoidosis. Symptoms The characteristic symptom of pleurisy is sudden, sharp, and often severe pain during inhalation […]

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Byssinosis – Lung Disorder – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Byssinosis Byssinosis is a lung disorder resulting from extended exposure to the dust from cotton, flax, or other textile fibers. Also called brown lung, cotton worker’s lung, or cotton bract disease, byssinosis is an occupational disease that causes asthma-like symptoms. When detected in its early stages, byssinosis is reversible by eliminating exposure to the […]

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Pneumoconiosis – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Pneumoconiosis Pneumoconiosis is the collective term for pulmonary conditions that result from occupational exposure to dust and fiber irritants. The conditions result in the same end-stage disease, pulmonary fibrosis, though follow different patterns of progression, depending on the substance and exposure patterns. The primary forms of pneumoconiosis that occur in the United States are Anthracosis, […]

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Chest Oercussion and Oostural Drainage

Definition of Chest Oercussion and Oostural Drainage A therapeutic method for loosening and clearing mucus from the lungs, used especially in cystic fibrosis and bronchiectasis, when there is atelectasis, and in other pulmonary disorders in which mucus collects and blocks the flow of air. For this treatment, a respiratory therapist or caregiver trained in the method rhythmically claps, with cupped […]

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Pneumonia – Symptoms, Treatment and Causes

Definition of Pneumonia Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs, usually the result of an infection, that causes the alveolar sacs to fill with fluid or pus. It is the most serious consequence of influenza, and in combination with influenza is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Pneumonia may be lobar, affecting the entire lobe of the […]

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Definition of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are a serious, often debilitating, and potentially fatal condition in which inflammation and scarring destroy alveoli, bronchioles, and bronchi. The most common cause of COPD is cigarette smoking; 8 of 10 Americans who have COPD are smokers. Uncontrolled asthma and chronic lung diseases such […]

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Pneumonitis – definition, symptoms and treatment

Definition of Pneumonitis Inflammation of the lungs resulting from exposure to an irritant. The inflammation causes the airways to narrow and to increase mucus secretion, reducing the pathways for the flow of air. The major types are aspiration pneumonitis, which develops when foreign matter, such as vomitus or water, enters the airways and lungs chemical […]

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Cystic Fibrosis and the Lungs – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Cystic Fibrosis Cystic fibrosis is an inherited genetic disorder affecting mucus production and clearance, cystic fibrosis alters the functioning of exocrine glands throughout the body and affects nearly all of the body’s systems. In the lungs, cystic fibrosis causes changes in the consistency and composition of the mucus the lungs secrete. The mucus accumulates along the inner […]

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Pneumothorax – definition, symptoms and treatment

Definition of Pneumothorax Pneumothorax is a circumstance in which air gets in the pleural space (membrane space between the pleural linings of the lung and the thoracic cavity). Pneumothorax results in collapse of a portion of, or the entire, lung. Doctors identify different kinds. They include spontaneous pneumothorax, in which the pneumothorax occurs for no identifiable […]

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