Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome – renal failure that occurs as a rare complication in children after infection with Escherichia coli O157:H7 acquired from contaminated food. E. coli O157:H7 causes hemorrhagic enteritis, itself a life-threatening infection. Hemolytic uremic syndrome occurs when the toxins the E. coli O157:H7 release enter the bloodstream. The […]

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Wilms’s Tumor – Symptoms, Treatment and Prognosis

Definition of Wilms’s Tumor Wilms’s Tumor – a malignant (cancerous) growth in the kidney. Wilms’s tumor, also called nephroblastoma, nearly always affects children under age six. Though relatively rare, with doctors diagnosing about 500 children a year in the United States with this form of kidney cancer, Wilms’s tumor is the most common cancer of the […]

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Hepatorenal Failure – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Hepatorenal Failure Hepatorenal Failure – The progressive failure of the kidneys in people who have chronic liver failure. Doctors do not know what causes hepatorenal failure, also called hepatorenal syndrome, to develop though they do know the blood supply to the kidneys becomes suddenly and severely restricted. Not enough blood flows through the kidneys […]

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Hypospadias – Definition, Treatment and Information

Definition of Hypospadias Hypospadias is a congenital anomaly in which the urethra is shorter than normal and exits along the underside of the penis in a boy or into the vagina in a girl. Though uncommon overall, hypospadias is very rare in girls. In boys, chordee (severely curved penis) often accompanies hypospadias. Treatment The preferred treatment is surgery to extend the urethra to […]

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Alport’s Syndrome – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Alport’s Syndrome Alport’s Syndrome – An inherited genetic disorder in which one, two, or three mutations occur in the gene that encodes type IV collagen formations, also called basement membranes. The mutations affect up to three of the six protein chains (alpha-3, alpha-4, and alpha-5) that make up type IV collagen, which is […]

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Minimal Change Disease – Definition, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Minimal Change Disease Minimal Change Disease – a disorder of kidney function in which the structure of the kidneys, notably the nephrons, appears normal with regular (light) microscope examination though slightly abnormal with electron microscope examination. Minimal change disease is primarily a condition of childhood (usually in children under age six) and seldom occurs […]

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Anuria – Definition and Information

Definition of Anuria Anuria – The failure to produce urine. Numerous circumstances can result in anuria, from severe dehydration and severe hypotension (low blood pressure) to end-stage renal disease (esrd) and renal failure. Anuria requires prompt medical evaluation to determine and remedy the underlying cause. Without such correction, waste byproducts accumulate to toxic levels and the body cannot continue to function. […]

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Nephritis – Bacterial, Interstitial, Lupus, Hereditary

Defnition of Nephritis Nephritis – inflammation of the kidney. The most common causes of nephritis are bacterial infection, which generally cause acute (sudden onset) nephritis, and autoimmune disorders, which tend to cause chronic or recurrent inflammation. Nephritis can be acute (come on suddenly), chronic (long-term), or recurrent (repeated episodes of acute nephritis). Chronic nephritis can lead […]

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Cystinuria – Definition, Diagnosis, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Cystinuria Cystinuria is an inherited genetic disorder in which the kidneys do not properly reabsorb amino acids collectively called cystine. The excessive excretion of cystine to the urine causes crystalline calcifications, commonly called stones, to form in the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Most people learn they have the gene mutation, which is autosomal recessive, during analysis of the calcifications. […]

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Nephrolithiasis Kidney Stones – Definiton and Information

Definition of Nephrolithiasis Nephrolithiasis is the formation of calcifications (also called calculi) in the kidneys, usually called kidney stones. Kidney stones are common, with about 1 in 10 adults in the United States likely to have at least one over the course of adulthood. Some people pass kidney stones with little discomfort and may not […]

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