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Transforming Growth Factors Definition
CYTOKINES in the BLOOD circulation that attach to the surfaces of cell membranes. Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) stimulates the cells to grow, divide, and differentiate (cell proliferation). Lymphocytes and macrophages produce TGF-alpha. TGF-beta stimulates interleukin 1 (IL-1) production and blocks the response of lymphocytes in the inflammatory process. Lymphocytes, macrophages, and platelets secrete TGFs.