Urinary Diversion – Urostomy – Continent and Incontinent

Definition of Urinary Diversion Urinary Diversion – a surgical procedure to create a method for the storage and passage of URINE from the body after cystectomy (surgical removal of the BLADDER). Though most often necessary following cystectomy to treat BLADDER CANCER or invasive cancer of the pelvic region, urinary diversion may be necessary after traumatic injury to the […]

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Aging, urinary system changes that occur with

What is this article about? At birth the structures of the urinary system are fully developed and function under the automatic control of the NERVOUS SYSTEM. The newborn’s KIDNEYS filter BLOOD and make URINE. The BLADDER collects the urine and, when it fills to a point that triggers the micturition REFLEX, it empties to drain […]

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Bladder Catheterization – Definition and Information

Definition of Bladder Catheterization Bladder catheterization – The insertion of a narrow, flexible tube into the BLADDER through the URETHRA to drain URINE from the body. Bladder catheterization may be necessary to collect an uncontaminated (sterile) urine sample or to drain urine from the bladder. The catheter placement may be short term, such as after […]

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Cystoscopy – Endoscopic Procedure – Definition

Definition of Cystoscopy Procedure Cystoscopy – An endoscopic procedure for visualizing the interior of the BLADDER. The cystoscope is a narrow tube with a tiny light and camera on the tip. Cystoscopy requires no preparation or recovery time and takes place in an outpatient surgery setting under sterile procedures. The urologist anesthetizes the URETHRA, then inserts the […]

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Cystourethrogram – Diagnostic Imaging Procedure – Definition

Definition of Cystourethrogram Cystourethrogram – A diagnostic imaging procedure that shows the flow of URINE from the BLADDER through the URETHRA. The radiologist instills a radio-opaque solution (contrast medium) into the bladder through a catheter, then takes a series of X-rays as the solution fills the bladder and urethra. The radio-opaque solution makes these soft […]

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Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) – Definition

Definition of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) ESWL – a therapeutic procedure in which a machine called a lithotriptor generates shock waves that cause calcifications within the urinary tract, commonly called kidney stones (NEPHROLITHIASIS) or bladder stones (UROLITHIASIS), to break apart into smaller fragments the URINE can carry out of the body. Lithotripsy became available […]

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Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) – Definition and Information

Definition of Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) – A diagnostic imaging procedure to evaluate the flow of BLOOD and URINE through the KIDNEYS, ureters, BLADDER, and URETHRA. IVP requires moderate preparation that typically includes taking a laxative the night before the scheduled procedure to empty the intestines so the IVP provides clear visualization of the […]

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Kegel Exercises – In Women and Men

Definition of Kegel Exercises Kegel Exercises – a series of exercises to strengthen the pubococcygeal muscle, a figureeight double loop of muscle that forms the pelvic floor. Arnold H. Kegel, MD, an American gynecologist who practiced in Los Angeles, California, popularized the pelvic muscle exercises that now bear his name when he developed a BIOFEEDBACK […]

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Kidney Donor – Transplant and Living Kidney Donor

Definition of Kidney Donor Kidney Donor is an individual who donates his or her KIDNEYS after death or who donates one kidney for live donor transplantation. Kidneys are the organs most commonly transplanted in the United States (other than SKIN and corneas). At present, people waiting for donor kidneys outnumber available kidneys nearly four to […]

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Kidney Transplantation Donor Procedure – Information

Definition of Kidney Transplantation Donor Procedure Kidney Transplantation – a surgical OPERATION to place a healthy, functioning kidney into a person whose own kidneys have permanently failed. The first successful kidney transplantation took place between identical twin brothers in 1954. However, until the discovery of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine in 1983, the risk of organ rejection […]

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