Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) – Definition

Definition of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) ESWL – a therapeutic procedure in which a machine called a lithotriptor generates shock waves that cause calcifications within the urinary tract, commonly called kidney stones (NEPHROLITHIASIS) or bladder stones (UROLITHIASIS), to break apart into smaller fragments the URINE can carry out of the body. Lithotripsy became available […]

Read More

Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) – Definition and Information

Definition of Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP) – A diagnostic imaging procedure to evaluate the flow of BLOOD and URINE through the KIDNEYS, ureters, BLADDER, and URETHRA. IVP requires moderate preparation that typically includes taking a laxative the night before the scheduled procedure to empty the intestines so the IVP provides clear visualization of the […]

Read More

Kegel Exercises – In Women and Men

Definition of Kegel Exercises Kegel Exercises – a series of exercises to strengthen the pubococcygeal muscle, a figureeight double loop of muscle that forms the pelvic floor. Arnold H. Kegel, MD, an American gynecologist who practiced in Los Angeles, California, popularized the pelvic muscle exercises that now bear his name when he developed a BIOFEEDBACK […]

Read More

Kidney Donor – Transplant and Living Kidney Donor

Definition of Kidney Donor Kidney Donor is an individual who donates his or her KIDNEYS after death or who donates one kidney for live donor transplantation. Kidneys are the organs most commonly transplanted in the United States (other than SKIN and corneas). At present, people waiting for donor kidneys outnumber available kidneys nearly four to […]

Read More

Kidney Transplantation Donor Procedure – Information

Definition of Kidney Transplantation Donor Procedure Kidney Transplantation – a surgical OPERATION to place a healthy, functioning kidney into a person whose own kidneys have permanently failed. The first successful kidney transplantation took place between identical twin brothers in 1954. However, until the discovery of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine in 1983, the risk of organ rejection […]

Read More

Medicare Coverage for Permanent Renal Failure

Medicare Coverage Federal government funding in the United States that pays for medical treatment for people of any age who have end-stage renal disease (esrd), also called permanent renal failure. Though for other health conditions an individual must be age 65 or older to qualify for Medicare coverage, the US Congress in 1973 passed legislation broadening Medicare […]

Read More

Nephrectomy Procedure – Definition, Risks and Complications

Definition of Nephrectomy Nephrectomy – a surgical OPERATION to remove a kidney. The most common reasons for nephrectomy are to treat RENAL CANCER, to remove a kidney for live donor KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION, and to remove a kidney that is severely injured due to trauma or malformed due to CONGENITAL ANOMALY. There are three kinds of nephrectomy: partial nephrectomy, in […]

Read More

Nephrotoxins – Definition and Information

Definition of Nephrotoxins / Nephrotoxic Nephrotoxins – Substances such as medications or environmental chemicals that damage the glomeruli and the tubules within the nephrons of the KIDNEYS. Among those most commonly associated with altered kidney function and RENAL FAILURE are heavy metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium, and arsenic; exposure to these metals is most often occupational NONSTEROIDAL […]

Read More

Renal Dialysis – Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis

Definition of Renal Dialysis Renal Dialysis – procedures to filter toxins from the BLOOD when the KIDNEYS are unable to perform this function. Dialysis can be short term or long term. Though in theory renal dialysis could sustain life indefinitely, in practice most people experience a steady decline of overall health with long-term dialysis because […]

Read More

Urinary Diversion – Urostomy – Continent and Incontinent

Definition of Urinary Diversion Urinary Diversion – a surgical procedure to create a method for the storage and passage of URINE from the body after cystectomy (surgical removal of the BLADDER). Though most often necessary following cystectomy to treat BLADDER CANCER or invasive cancer of the pelvic region, urinary diversion may be necessary after traumatic injury to the […]

Read More