Neurogenic Bladder – Denitfion, Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Neurogenic Bladder Neurogenic Bladder – a condition in which the nerves that control the bladder do not work properly, allowing the bladder to be underactive (hypotonic) or overactive (spastic). Damage may occur to the spinal cord and spinal nerves, brain, or peripheral nerves that serve the bladder. Conditions that can cause such damage include […]

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Wilms’s Tumor – Symptoms, Treatment and Prognosis

Definition of Wilms’s Tumor Wilms’s Tumor – a malignant (cancerous) growth in the kidney. Wilms’s tumor, also called nephroblastoma, nearly always affects children under age six. Though relatively rare, with doctors diagnosing about 500 children a year in the United States with this form of kidney cancer, Wilms’s tumor is the most common cancer of the […]

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Glomerulosclerosis – Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Definition of Glomerulosclerosis Glomerulosclerosis – the formation of SCAR tissue (fibrosis) within the glomeruli, the coiled capillary networks within the nephrons of the KIDNEYS. The most common presentation of glomerulosclerosis is focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in which the fibrosis is scattered throughout the glomeruli, affecting only parts of the GLOMERULUS in various nephrons. The damage permanently blocks the […]

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Nocturia – Definition, Causes and Tretament

Definition of Nocturia and Causes Nocturia – the need to get up from nighttime sleep to urinate. It is a significant cause of sleep disorders though has numerous potential causes. Nocturia becomes more common with increasing age in both women and men, sometimes simply as a consequence of normal agerelated changes that occur in the […]

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Goodpasture’s Syndrome – Definition, Symptoms, Diagnosis

Definition of Goodpasture’s Syndrome An autoimmune disorder in which the IMMUNE SYSTEM produces antibodies that attack the glomeruli in the KIDNEYS, impairing kidney function, and the alveoli in the LUNGS, causing bleeding into the lung tissue. In most people who develop Goodpasture’s syndrome the symptoms follow a viral INFECTION of the upper respiratory tract or exposure to […]

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Oliguria (Low Urine Production) – Definition and Information

Definition of Oliguria Oliguria is significantly reduced urine production that occurs as a consequence of renal failure, dehydration, hemorrhage (massive blood loss), or shock. Normal adult urinary output is 1500 milliliters to 3000 milliliters per day. In oliguria urinary output is 500 ml per day or less. Oliguria indicates that the kidneys are not receiving enough blood […]

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Hematuria – Blood in the Urine – Definition and Causes

Definition Hematuria – Blood in the Urine and Causes Hematuria is BLOOD in the URINE. Hematuria may result from numerous circumstances and always requires medical evaluation to determine the underlying cause. Though BLADDER CANCER is uncommon, hematuria often is the earliest sign of its presence. Gross hematuria occurs when the amount of blood in the urine is sufficient to discolor the […]

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Polycystic Kidney Disease – symptoms and treament

Definition of Polycystic Kidney Polycystic Kidney – an inherited disorder in which hundreds to thousands of cysts form in the KIDNEYS as well as in other organs and structures such as the LIVER, HEART, and brain. The cysts greatly enlarge and deform the kidneys. The cysts arise from the nephrons, which they destroy as they […]

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Albuminuria – Definition, Causes Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Albuminuria Excessive excretion of ALBUMIN, a form of protein, into the URINE. Albuminuria, also called proteinuria, typically indicates kidney conditions that affect the glomeruli (the tubular structures within the KIDNEYS that filter wastes and excess water from the BLOOD to excrete in the urine). Such conditions include GLOMERULONEPHRITIS, GLOMERULOSCLEROSIS, NEPHROTIC SYNDROME, and NEPHROPATHY of DIABETES or of HYPERTENSION (high BLOOD PRESSURE). Albuminuria […]

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Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome – RENAL FAILURE that occurs as a rare complication in children after INFECTION with Escherichia coli O157:H7 acquired from contaminated food. E. coli O157:H7 causes hemorrhagic ENTERITIS, itself a life-threatening infection. Hemolytic uremic syndrome occurs when the toxins the E. coli O157:H7 release enter the bloodstream. The […]

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