Healthy People 2010 – program

Healthy People 2010 – a program of health initiatives that numerous US health agencies jointly sponsor, the goals of which are to improve overall public health in key areas called leading health indicators. The first Healthy People program, Healthy People 2000, evolved from the 1979 US surgeon general’s report of the same name. It established criteria […]

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Heavy-Metal Poisoning – toxicity of lead, mercury, copper and iron

Heavy-Metal Poisoning – toxicity due to metals such as lead, mercury, copper, and iron can have serious and even lethal health consequences, especially among children. Heavy metals occur naturally in the environment. They are present in soil and in plants that grow underground, and in water. Heavy metals are also the by-products of manufacturing processes. They […]

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Hepatitis Prevention – information

Hepatitis Prevention – although acute (sudden and limited) HEPATITIS infections are on the decline in the United States, chronic hepatitis infections (long-term) have reached epidemic proportions. Nearly a third of the US population has had hepatitis A INFECTION, an acute form of the disease that is sudden and limited. While the numbers of new cases are dropping […]

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HIV / AIDS Prevention – information

HIV / AIDS Prevention – researchers first detected the human immunodeficiency VIRUS (HIV) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the early 1980s. New HIV/AIDS infections peaked about a decade later and have since slowly but steadily declined to reach a point over the past decade of holding relatively steady in the United States at about 40,000 a year. Advances […]

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Indoor Air Quality

Indoor Air Quality – the average American spends 20 hours or more of each day in various indoor environments such as work, school, and home. Because the air they breathe recirculates, it accumulates pollutants. Indoor air may contain two to five times as much pollution as outdoor air. Health experts believe this contributes to the rise […]

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The Preventive Medicine

The medical discipline of preventive medicine covers the gamut of measures, individual and societal, that can reduce the occurrence of illness and injury. Physicians who practice in preventive medicine may be infectious disease specialists, community health specialists, and occupational health specialists. Preventive medicine is also a mainstay of most other medical specialties, notably family practice, […]

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Influenza Prevention – vaccination and medications

Influenza Prevention – INFLUENZA, commonly called the flu, is an upper respiratory INFECTION that causes epidemics (widespread outbreaks of disease) every year. In the United States each year about 20 percent of the population becomes ill with influenza (about 60 million people), and 30,000 to 40,000 people die as a result. Occasionally influenza occurs in a pandemic, in which […]

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Community Sanitation

Community Sanitation – some of the most farreaching improvements in public health have arisen not from laboratory experiments or technological discoveries but rather from the mundane aspects of everyday life. Community health DRINKING WATER STANDARDS, sewage treatment and disposal, and garbage collection and disposal influence health and LIFE EXPECTANCY as much as any medical intervention. Ancient […]

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Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy – a statistical calculation representing how many years a person might expect to live. Simple life expectancy calculates projected years of life from birth. Age-adjusted life expectancy projects how many more years a person of a certain age might expect to live. It is important to remember that such calculations are projections, not factual […]

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Environmental Hazard Exposure

Environmental Hazard Exposure – numerous substances in the environment create risk for a variety of health problems and conditions. They include pesticides, herbicides, industrial pollutants, minerals and metals, molds and fungi, BACTERIA, viruses, radiation, sewage, garbage, biological waste, and electromagnetic fields. These substances may be naturally occurring or the consequence of human actions, such as manufacturing and […]

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