Prostatectomy surgery / radical – risks and side effects

What is Prostatectomy Surgery A surgical OPERATION to remove part or all of the PROSTATE GLAND. The prostate gland encircles the URETHRA at the base of the BLADDER. It produces the fluid that mixes with SPERM to form SEMENand produces the enzyme PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN (PSA), which facilitates sperm motility after EJACULATION. Prostatectomy is primarily treatment for PROSTATE CANCER and BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA […]

Read More

Langer’s lines – natural linear pathways

Langer’s lines – The natural linear pathways, also called cleavages, of the fasciae fibers (connective tissue layer beneath the SKIN that covers the muscles) throughout the body. Langer’s lines resemble a topographic map when overlaid on an outline of the human body. Each person has a unique configuration of Langer’s lines, though general patterns are common across individuals. […]

Read More

Vasectomy surgical Procedure

What is Vasectomy Vasectomy is a surgical OPERATION to sever (cut) the VAS DEFERENS, the narrow tubes that carry SPERM from a man’s TESTICLES to the ejaculatory ducts where the sperm mixes with seminal fluid in preparation for EJACULATION (ejection from the PENIS during ORGASM). One vas deferens extends from each testicle, running very close beneath the surface of the SKIN of the SCROTUM. Vasectomy Surgical Procedure There are […]

Read More

Laser Surgery types and risks

Laser Surgery – any OPERATION in which the surgeon uses a device that focuses high-intensity lightwaves that generate heat to cut or ablate (destroy) tissue. Laser is an acronym for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation.” Lasers came into common use in medicine and surgery in the 1960s; the first applications were for the repair […]

Read More

Bladder Catheterization – Definition and Information

Definition of Bladder Catheterization Bladder catheterization – The insertion of a narrow, flexible tube into the BLADDER through the URETHRA to drain URINE from the body. Bladder catheterization may be necessary to collect an uncontaminated (sterile) urine sample or to drain urine from the bladder. The catheter placement may be short term, such as after […]

Read More

Minimally Invasive Surgery / endoscopic and laparoscopic surgery

Minimally Invasive Surgery – Any OPERATION in which the surgeon uses an endoscope and specialized instruments to enter the body through small incisions, called ports. An endoscope is a lighted, flexible tube with a tiny camera at the tip that sends visual images of the operative site to a monitor similar to a television screen. The […]

Read More

Surgery – information and types

Surgery is the specialty within the practice of medicine in which its practitioners use instruments, devices, and techniques to repair or remove organs and structures affected by congenital defect, injury, or disease processes. Surgical operations are invasive—that is, they enter or open the body in some way. Two health-care disciplines merge within the arena of […]

Read More

Kidney Transplantation Donor Procedure – Information

Definition of Kidney Transplantation Donor Procedure Kidney Transplantation – a surgical OPERATION to place a healthy, functioning kidney into a person whose own kidneys have permanently failed. The first successful kidney transplantation took place between identical twin brothers in 1954. However, until the discovery of the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine in 1983, the risk of organ rejection […]

Read More

Open Surgery – information and recovery

Open Surgery – Any surgical OPERATION in which the surgeon makes an incision that allows direct access to the operative site. An open surgery incision may be quite large. Until the emergence of MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERYprocedures in the 1980s open surgery was the standard of surgical treatment for nearly all operations. Surgeons today can perform many operations […]

Read More

Sentinel Lymph Node Dissection and Cancer

Definition of Sentinel Lymph Node Dissection Surgery to remove and biopsy the first lymph node in the lymph network that drains lymph from the location of a cancerous tumor. The sentinel node is important in determining the course of treatment for the cancer because it would be the first lymph structure to which cancer cells would migrate […]

Read More