Caesarean section

A Caesarean section also C-section, Caesarian section, Cesarian section, is a surgical  procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother’s abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus  (hysterotomy) to deliver  one or more babies, or, rarely, to remove a dead fetus. A late-term abortion using Caesarean section procedures is termed a hysterotomy abortion and […]

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Endoscopy procedure and definition

The collective term for minimally invasive procedures that allow the doctor to view internal organs and structures using a lighted, flexible scope inserted through a natural body opening or through a small incision. Endoscopy can be diagnostic or therapeutic. Most endoscopic procedures require preparation before the procedure, sedation during the procedure, and supervised recovery after […]

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Nutritional assessment

A clinical evaluation of an individual’s nutritional status, typically as part of a ROUTINE MEDICAL EXAMINATION or as a direction of the diagnostic path when evaluating symptoms that suggest NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY, MALNUTRITION, gastrointestinal disorders, and systemic (bodywide) disease. Routine nutritional assessment is particularly important for the very young and the very old. A nutritional assessment […]

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Enema procedure

The instillation of fluid into the RECTUM through the ANUS to stimulate a BOWEL MOVEMENT. An enema may relieve CONSTIPATION or be part of the preparation to cleanse the COLON for diagnostic procedures or surgery. Frequent enemas may result in dependence on them for bowel movements. Eating a diet high in fiber helps promote healthy bowel motility to […]

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Diphtheria disease and definition

An illness that results from INFECTION with the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Routine childhood IMMUNIZATION has made diphtheria rare in the United States, though the infection can occur in people who do not receive a booster VACCINE every 10 years and is common in other parts of the world. Infection may involve the NOSE and THROAT (respiratory diphtheria) […]

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Estrogens female hormones

A collective term for the “female” sex hormones, including prohormones (chemical precursors the body converts to hormones) and metabolites (byproducts of HORMONE METABOLISM). Estrogens are among the steroid hormones the body synthesizes from cholesterol. Estrogens derive from ANDROGENS (the “male” sex hormones). Common use applies the singular term estrogen to refer to any or all […]

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Abscess and treatment

An abscess is a collection of pus (dead neutrophils) that has accumulated in a cavity formed by the tissue in which the pus resides on the basis of an infectious process (usually caused by bacteria or parasites) or other foreign materials (e.g., splinters, bullet wounds, or injecting needles). It is a defensive reaction of the […]

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Dyskinesia and tardive dyskinesia, treatment and definition

Abnormal, involuntary movements. Dyskinesia results from damage to the structures within the BRAIN responsible for motor movement and coordination, notably the basal ganglia. ATHETOSIS, CHOREA, DYSTONIA, MYOCLONUS, tics, and tremors are all forms of dyskinesia that may appear in neurologic disorders such as PARKINSON’S DISEASE, HUNTINGTON’S DISEASE, TOURETTE’S SYNDROME, RESTLESS LEGS SYNDROME, CEREBRAL PALSY, and […]

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Hormone therapy

Treatment in which a person takes HORMONE extracts or synthetic hormones to influence the body’s natural production of hormones or to replace hormones the body is no longer producing. Nearly all of the body’s major hormones are available as purified extracts, laboratory- synthesized pharmaceuticals, or recombinant products. Common hormone therapy regimens include replacement supplements to […]

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Biopsy

Biopsy: The removal of a sample of tissue for purposes of diagnosis. (Many definitions of “biopsy” stipulate that the sample of tissue is removed for examination under a microscope. This may or may not be the case. The diagnosis may be achieved by other means such as by analysis of chromosomes or genes.) BiopsyRate this post

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