Abscess and Treatment

Definition of Abscess An abscess is a collection of pus (dead neutrophils) that has accumulated in a cavity formed by the tissue in which the pus resides on the basis of an infectious process (usually caused by bacteria or parasites) or other foreign materials (e.g., splinters, bullet wounds, or injecting needles). It is a defensive reaction […]

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Dyskinesia and Tardive Dyskinesia, Treatment and Definition

Definition of Dyskinesia Abnormal, involuntary movements. Dyskinesia results from damage to the structures within the brain responsible for motor movement and coordination, notably the basal ganglia. Athetosis, chorea, dystonia, myoclonus, tics, and tremors are all forms of dyskinesia that may appear in neurologic disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Tourette’s syndrome, Restless legs syndrome, cerebral […]

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Hormone Therapy

Definition of Hormone Therapy Treatment in which a person takes hormone extracts or synthetic hormones to influence the body’s natural production of hormones or to replace hormones the body is no longer producing. Nearly all of the body’s major hormones are available as purified extracts, laboratory- synthesized pharmaceuticals, or recombinant products. Common hormone therapy regimens include […]

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Dyslexia

Definition of Dyslexia Dyslexia is a learning disability that impairs a person’s ability to read, and which can manifest itself as a difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, orthographic coding, auditory short-term memory, and/or rapid naming. Dyslexia is separate and distinct from reading difficulties resulting from other causes, such as a non-neurological deficiency with vision or […]

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Leptospirosis – Weil’s Disease

Definition of Leptospirosis Leptospirosis (also known as Weil’s disease, Weil’s syndrome, canicola fever, canefield fever, nanukayami fever, 7-day fever, Rat Catcher’s Yellows, Fort Bragg fever, and Pretibial fever) is a bacterial zoonotic disease caused by spirochaetes  of the genus  Leptospira  that affects humans  and a wide range of animals, including mammals, birds, amphibians, and reptiles. The disease was […]

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Body Mass Index (BMI)

Body Mass Index Information A mathematical measure of total body size and its correlation to health risk. BMI values derive from height (without shoes) and weight (without clothes) measures, with mathematical calculations that convert those measures to a value that reflects overall body size. BMI represents the mass of the body in kilograms per meter […]

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Encephalitis Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Encephalitis Inflammation and infection of the brain. Encephalitis usually results from infection with a virus and is potentially life threatening. Infection can enter the brain via pathogens that are small enough to pass across the blood-brain barrier or that are able to follow neural pathways (the routes of nerves) into the brain. The most […]

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Meningitis (disease) – Symptoms and Treatment

Definition of Meningitis Inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis may result from bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. Viruses are the most common causes of meningitis and can be highly contagious. Enteroviruses and Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) virus are the common viral causes, though many viruses can cause […]

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Caesarean Section

A Caesarean section also C-section, Caesarian section, Cesarian section, is a surgical  procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother’s abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus  (hysterotomy) to deliver  one or more babies, or, rarely, to remove a dead fetus. A late-term abortion using Caesarean section procedures is termed a hysterotomy abortion and […]

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Endoscopy Procedure and Definition

Definition of Endoscopy Procedure The collective term for minimally invasive procedures that allow the doctor to view internal organs and structures using a lighted, flexible scope inserted through a natural body opening or through a small incision. Endoscopy can be diagnostic or therapeutic. Most endoscopic procedures require preparation before the procedure, sedation during the procedure, and […]

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