Table of Contents
Vision Health – personal care for the eyes to protect the eyes and preserve vision. The two most important elements of vision health are eye protection and regular ophthalmic examinations.
Vision Health and Protective Eyewear
Most injuries to the eyes are preventable by wearing appropriate protective eyewear, which ranges from sunglasses to protect the eyes from sunburn to specialized eyewear for specific needs. Such needs might include
- ultraviolet exposure (sunlight, welding)
- sports (protection from contact; protection when swimming or diving)
- eyeglasses (polycarbon lenses for optimal protection against shattering)
- working with power tools
- exposure to environment with high airborne pollutants (such as sawdust)
Though regular eyeglasses and sunglasses provide some protection against injury, they do not provide adequate protection when working with power tools, during recreational and athletic activities, and for specialized needs (such as welding).
Vision Health and Regular Ophthalmic Examinations
In the United States, basic screening for eye problems takes place shortly following birth (for infants born in hospitals and birthing centers), at regular well-child check-ups, through public school vision screening programs, and as part of the routine medical examination.
People who have normal vision require only ophthalmic ex aminations,the need for which becomes more frequentwith advancing age as the likelihood of health conditions that affect vision increases with age.
People who have eye conditions, refractive errors, hypertension, diabetes, and other chronic health conditions need regular ophthalmic examinations as their physicians or eye care providers recommend.
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